Historical significance of Kyrgyzstan

Get A Chance To Connect with History in the Amazing Kyrgyzstan

The historical significance of Kyrgyzstan has made it an attraction for various history-lover, scientists and historians of the world who come and research over the ruins and remains of the amazing settlements that once invaded the area. The place is associated with over eighty cultures of the world which have been a part of the area sometime during the age of the remains which are thousands of years old. Some of the best historic attractions are mentioned below:

Burana tower

This is a historical museum located 75 km from the capital of the country Bishkek. The place is actually a Minaret which was about 44 meters high but seismic activity of the land caused the upper part to collapse.

The place was originally a center of ancient city – Balasagyn. Qarakhanids were the people who built this city with advanced technologies as they came here to spread the religion of Islam. The city remained developed until the invasion of Changez Khan whose troops caused the city's destruction. Situated in the museum are remains of 3 mausoleums. Other significant stuff includes Bal-bal – rock sculptures, petroglyphs, coins and remains of explorations carried out by scientists during that time.


These are the remains of ancient city of Nivaket which is located about 80 kilometers from the capital – Bishkek. These remains date back to the sixth century. In ancient times craftsmen and traders resided here.  Found here are the leftovers of homes, coins, crockery, gilt material, sculptures, and various archaeological memorials.


Bal-bals are the rock sculptures of Kyrgyzstan. Made from limestone and granite, they are the specialty of the country and major tourist attractions. They are found in different places of the country but the most eye-catching collection is adjacent to the Burana tower. Bal-bals' history relates back to the advent of Turkish tribes in the city.

These sculptures are 6 - 12 centuries old. The biggest cause of the gradual disappearance of these is the spread of Muslims in the region, as Islam does not allow carving, capturing or drawing the picture of any living creature. The remains of the rocks, however, are very popular and scientists and tourists from the world come to see and research on them.

Tash Rabat

It is an extremely mesmerizing 15th century Caravanserai. It was a kind of a road side inn for the Turkish back in time and currently existing as ruins, yet it is an attractive spot for tourists because it is beautifully preserved and remains as the latest form of ancient architecture of Kyrgystan.

The Historical Museum (Ala Too Square)

Also known as the Lenin Museum, this place has a grand display of historical items associated with the culture of Kyrgyzstan. The ground floor has temporary displays but the permanent displays at other floors show the political and natural history of the country and the Soviet Union's heritage.

The historical objects include include the petroglyphs from SaimalyTash, objects and armor from the Bronze-Age; findings from 1st to 5th century archaeological diggings - with gold artefact from the Chui Vale Shumshyn tomb; a Turk rock sculpture range; Tallas rocks with carvings of letters; metallic, glass and ceremic pieces; and many different coins from different ages.

Other museums include:

  • The Museum of Fine Arts
  • Frunze Museum
  • The Tinibek Sadykov Museum
  • The Gaspar Aitiev Studio
  • The Open Air Sculpture Museum
  • The Toktugulok Literary Museum
  • The Zoological Museum
  • Mineralogical Museum
  • The National Bank Museum
  • The Archeological Museum (Academy of Sciences)
  • etc.


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